Spain is one of the most popular European countries in the world. Spanish culture and festivals are known around the world. Spain is known for its quality of life and its traditions. Spectacular celebrations and festivities permeate the country with joie de vivre that visitors can discover throughout the year, in every corner of Spain. Spain has a vibrant and dynamic cultural scene based on a variety of historical influences.
Spain has a diverse culture that has been shaped by thousands of years of occupation by different kingdoms. The ancient Greeks, Romans, Moors, Celts, Carthaginians, and Phoenicians, settled in the country, played an important role in the formation of the cultural heritage of the country. Religion and in particular Christianity is also an important factor in the configuration of cultural diversity in Spain.
Beliefs and social customs
Social beliefs and customs practiced in Spain are influenced by religion and local traditions. The Spaniards are known to be polite and shake hands when they meet and leave. When interacting with older people, they show respect by using titles such as (Gift for Men and Gift for Women). Married women wear covenants to the right rather than to the left.
Religion and festivals
Christianity is the dominant religion in Spain and the vast majority of Spaniards identify as Christians. A report by the Spanish Center for Sociological Research in 2017 showed that 69.3% of Spaniards identified themselves as Catholic Christians, while 26% of the population identified themselves as atheists. Despite the popularity of the Roman Catholic Church in Spain, denominations have declined steadily for both adherents and clergy. The number of nuns in the country decreased by about 7% between 2000 and 2005. In 2017, 57.8% of Catholics rarely attended the show. Islam is the second-largest religion in Spain with about 800,000 citizens identified as Muslims. The rise of Islam in the country is due to the influx of Moroccan immigrants in the 1990s, many of whom were Muslim. Jews represent a minority of the population, about 1% of Spaniards practice the Jewish religion and the majority live in Madrid and Barcelona. Other religions practiced in Spain are Buddhism, Taoism, Hinduism, and Paganism.
Spaniards are known around the world for their love of festivals and festivals. These festivals are known locally as “Fiestas” and include Las Fallas. Las Fallas will take place in Valencia in March and is probably the biggest festival in Spain. It offers parades, fireworks, dances, and ceremonial farewells. Another important festival is the carnival, which takes place in the city of Cadiz 40 days a year before Easter. Spain also has several national holidays that are followed throughout the country. These include New Year’s Day (announced on January 1), the Epiphany commemorated on January 6 and Labor Day on first January. Also Constitution Day December 8th, and Christmas Day December 25th.
Music and dance
Spain has a vibrant music and dance scene with a wide range of genres ranging from traditional and classical music to modern genres. Music and dance are strongly influenced by the cultural diversity of the country, with different regions and different musical styles. The region of Andalusia is known for its traditional flamenco music and Seguidilla dance style. Other popular genres in the region are Sephardim and couplets. Carlos Cano, Javier Ruibal, Joaquín Sabina and Luis Delgado are among the most outstanding musicians of Andalusia. The region of Aragon is known for being the birthplace of the country’s most popular Jota music, which uses tambourines, guitar (a small traditional guitar), castanets and headbands. Pole dance and dance Dulzaina came from Aragon. In the Canary Islands, a variant of Jota music, known as Isa, is widely spread and strongly influenced by Cuban music. Catalonia is known for being the homeland of Rumba Catalana, a kind of rumba music created by Catalan gypsies and whose musical genre popular among the young people of the region is Catalan rock. In Valencia, Jota music is popular with locals who also play bands, local bands.
Literature and art
Spanish literature includes all the publications of Spanish writers. Spanish literature has a rich history that goes back hundreds of years. One of the most popular literary works in Spain is La Celestina, a book written in 1499 by Fernando de Rojas, considered by many to be the best example of Spanish literature in history. The picaresque novel is a popular literary genre of Spanish literature, whose origins date back to a sixteenth-century novel entitled “Lazarillo de Tormes”. Spain also has a prestigious art scene, where well-known artists such as Salvador Dalí, Antoni Tapies, Juan Gris and Joan Miró are known around the world. However, the most famous Spanish artist is Pablo Picasso, whose catalog includes sculptures, paintings, ceramics, and drawings. The best places to experience Spanish art at its best are the museums, including the Prado Museum, the Reina Sofía National Museum, and the Thyssen Bornemisza Museum.
Football (also known as football) is the most popular sport in Spain, and the local football league, known as the Liga, is known as “the best football competition in the world”. In the league, world-famous football teams such as Real Madrid and Barcelona play with superstars such as Cristiano Ronaldo and Lionel Messi for Spanish football clubs. The Spanish national football team has many world-class players and can boast of winning the 2010 FIFA World Cup ™. Tennis is another popular sport in Spain, where the country has won the Davis Cup five times. The country also generated record tennis players under the leadership of Rafael Nadal, who became Olympic champion at the 2008 Summer Olympics.
Cooking and Food
Spanish cuisine comes mainly from the Jewish, Andalusian and Roman traditions and is very similar to Mediterranean cuisine. The common features of Spanish cuisine are the use of olive oil. Spain is, therefore, one of the biggest producers of olives, the use of onions and garlic and the participation of wine in meals. Most dishes prepared in Spain contain potatoes, beans, peppers and tomatoes as main ingredients. Some popular Spanish dishes are pickles and snacks. Tapas are served hot or cold in restaurants and bars. There are also many top chefs in Spain, including Sergi Cola, Ilan Hall, Penelope Casas, and Karlos Arguinano.
The clothes used in Spain have both traditional and modern influences. Young Spaniards, especially those in urban centers, see Western clothing such as jeans and summer dresses. There are, however, many ensembles in the country that represent traditional Spanish culture, including Zamarra a long sheepskin coat, Barretina a traditional hat of a popular man in Catalonia and flamenco dress, of the Andalusian costume woman and Cordoba hat broad-brimmed hat used in Andalusia.