Georges Seurat was born on December 2, 1859, in Paris city, France. In this article, you will learn about Georges Seurat’s personal life story. He died March 29, 1891, in Paris, painter, founder of the French school of 19th-century Neo-Impressionism. colors became known as pointillism. Using this technique, he created huge compositions with small separate strokes of pure color. Those are too small to differ in the overall work but allow his paintings to shine brilliantly. Works in this style are Une Baignade, Asnières 1883-1884. And Un domingo en La Grande Jatte – 1884 1884-1886.
Georges Seurat was the son of Antoine-Chrisostôme Seurat. He was a 44-year-old owner from Champagne. And Ernestine Faivre, a Parisian. His father, a unique figure who had worked as a bailiff, spent most of his time at Raincy. Where he owned a garden cottage where Seurat often painted. The young Seurat lived mainly in Paris with his mother, his brother Émile and his sister Marie-Berthe. During the Paris Commune in 1871. When Paris rebelled against the French state and established its own government. The sane family temporarily retired to Fontainebleau.
Georges Seurat School Life
During his school years, Georges began to draw and from 1875 he took a course with the sculptor Justin Lequien. In 1878, he officially entered the École des Beaux-Arts, in the class of Henri Lehmann, a student of J.-A.-D. Ingres, who painted conventional portraits and nudes. In the school library, Seurat discovers a book which will inspire him all his life: the Essay on unconditional signs of art (1827; “Essay on the unmistakable signs of art”) by Humbert de Superville, Geneva painter – engraver; It was about the future direction of aesthetics and the relationship between lines and images.
Georges Seurat was also impressed by the work of another Geneva esthetician, David Sutter, who combined mathematics and musicology. During his short career, Seurat showed an unusually strong interest in the intellectual and scientific foundations of the arts.
Career And Painting Life Of Georges Seurat
In November 1879, at the age of 20, Georges Seurat went to Brest to do his military service. There he drew the sea, the beaches, and the boats. On his return to Paris the following fall, he shared a studio with another painter, Édmond-François Aman-Jean. Who later joined him in Lehmann’s class. But Seurat and Aman-Jean abandon the policy of the School of Fine Arts. By admiring the warm landscapes of Jean-Baptiste Millet at the Louvre. The two friends went to balls and cabarets at night. And in the spring they took the passenger liner to the island of La Grande Jatte, the scene of Seurat’s future paintings. Seurat was first exhibited in 1883 at the Official Salon, the annual state-sponsored exhibition.
He exhibited portraits of his mother and his friend Aman-Jean and the same year began his studies, sketches, and panels for Une Baignade, Asnières. When the drawing was rejected by the jury of the salon in 1884. Georges Seurat decided to participate in the founding of the Groupe des Artistes Indépendants, an association “without jury or price”, where he exhibited his Bathing in June.
Examining the Effects of Primary Colors
During this time he had seen the monumental symbolic paintings of Puvis de Chavannes. And was greatly influenced by them. He also met the century-old chemist Michel-Eugène Chevreul and experimented with Chevreul’s theories on the color wheel of light. Examine the effects that could be achieved with the three primary colors (yellow, red, and blue) and their supplements.
Georges Seurat meets Paul Signac, who will become his high school student, and in preparation for his masterpiece Un Dimanche à la Grande Jatte – 1884 he paints many sketches on small blackboards. In December 1884, he exhibited La Baignade again with the Société des Artistes Indépendants, which had an immense influence on the development of modern art.
Seurat spent the winter of 1885 on the island of La Grande Jatte and the summer at Grandcamp in Normandy. The impressionist master Camille Pissarro, who temporarily converted to the pointillism technique, was introduced to Seurat by Signac at this time. Seurat completed the painting by La Grande Jatte and exhibited it in an Impressionist collective exhibition from May 15 to June 15, 1886. This photographic demonstration of his technique aroused great interest. Seurat’s most important artistic collaborators at the time, painters who also dealt with the effect of light on color, were Signac and Pissarro.
The unexpected in his art and the novelty of his conception inspired the Belgian poet Émile Verhaeren. Critic Félix Fénéon praised Seurat’s method in an avant-garde magazine. And Seurat’s work has been exhibited in Paris and New York by respected dealer Paul Durand-Ruel.
While Living Temporarily in an Attic Workshop
In 1887, while living temporarily in an attic workshop, Seurat began working at Les Poseuses. This painting will be the last of his large-format compositions of La Baignade and La Grande Jatte; He plans to add a Place Clichy to this number but rejects the idea. The following year, he finished Les Poseuses as well as Parade de Cirque.
In February 1888, he went to Brussels with Signac for a private visit to the exhibition of Twenty, a small group of independent artists, where he exhibited seven paintings, including La Grande Jatte.
Participated in the Salon Des Indépendants
Seurat participated in the Salon des Indépendants in 1889 and exhibited landscapes. At that time, he painted the portrait of Signac. His residence at the time was in the Pigalle district, where he lived with his lover Madeleine Knobloch, 21. On February 16, 1890, Madeleine gave him a son, whom she officially recognized and entered in the birth register under the name of Pierre-Georges Seurat. This year, Seurat completed the painting Le Chahut, which he sent to the Twenty exhibition in Brussels.
During this time, he also painted Young Woman Powdering Herself, a portrait of her lover, although he kept his relationship with her hidden from his closest friends. This summer he spent in Gravelines, near Dunkirk, where he painted various landscapes and projected his latest painting, Le Cirque.
End Time Of Georges Seurat
As a harbinger of his imminent death, Seurat exhibited the unfinished circus in the Eighth Room of the Independents. As the organizer of the exhibition, he is exhausted by the presentation and assembly of the works. He contracted a cold, developed contagious angina, and died before the exhibition ended on Easter Sunday 1891. The next day, Madeleine Knobloch went to her district town hall to identify herself as the mother of Pierre. Georges Seurat. . The boy, who had contracted his father’s contagious disease, died on April 13, 1891. Seurat was buried in the family vault of the Père Lachaise cemetery.
In addition to the seven monumental paintings by him, he left 40 smaller paintings and sketches, around 500 drawings, and several sketchbooks. Although quantitatively modest, they show that he was one of the most prominent painters of one of the most important eras in the history of art.